A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (15 October, 1931 – 27 July, 2015) was the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. A scientist turned reluctant politician, Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. He studied Physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India’s civilian space program and military missile development efforts. He thus came to be known as the “Missile Man of India” for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played a pivotal organisational, technical and political role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974 .

“You have to dream before your dreams can come true”

– Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam